Leaked Romanian Government Document indicates 2032 coal exit plan, News
The leak comes as the European Commission decides whether to authorise a Romanian government plan to inject EUR 1.3 billion in state aid into state-owned energy company Complexul Energetic Oltenia (CE Oltenia). The company produces 90 percent of Romania’s coal-fired electricity, but will soon go bankrupt if it is not restructured. Its proposed plan does not foresee a coal phaseout – contradicting the leaked government document – and if enacted, would result in a 28 percent increase in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
A leaked Romanian government document entitled Flagship reforms of the Romanian Recovery and Resilience Plan indicates that Romania intends to phase out coal by 2032. The document states that a large share of the country’s operating coal mines will be “put to safety” by 2030, and closed when the country phases out coal by 2032. The document offers no specific closure dates for any of the country’s coal plants, but says Romania aims to increase the share of renewable energy to 34 percent by 2030.
“This is the first time we’ve seen an official document containing a coal phase out date for Romania, but to align with the Paris agreement and the EU’s Green Deal, Romania needs to phase out coal by 2030 at the latest and implement a series of reforms that start boosting renewable energy now, and leave fossil gas behind,” said Vlad Catuna, energy campaigner at Greenpeace. “We’ll have a clearer picture of how Romania plans to do this when we have the final restructuring plan for state-owned energy company Complexul Energetic Oltenia. That’s currently with the European Commission, which must decide whether Romania’s planned use of state aid supports EU decarbonisation targets or undermines them.”
“Romania’s government clearly understands that its loss-making coal industry has become a burden, and that closing it is the only logical way forward. But plans for winding down the industry must include clear support measures for coal workers and their communities to transition,” said Alexandru Mustață, Just Transition Coordinator at Bankwatch Romania. “The leaked government document only covers Romania’s coal mines and says nothing about its remaining coal plants, in particular Paroseni, Iasi or Govora, which are not covered under the restructuring plan for state-owned energy company Complexul Energetic Oltenia. They should close well before 2030, and there are quality studies showing this is possible without endangering Romania’s energy security.”
“Until now, all we heard from the Romanian government was how it wanted to use taxpayer money to bail out coal. Seeing evidence that Romania plans to exit coal in this decade is a majorbreakthrough in Europe’s coal end game, and if carried through, would lay the foundations for the smooth transition of the country’s coal communities,” said Mahi Sideridou, Managing Director at Europe Beyond Coal. “Romania cannot afford to continue mining and burning coal; it just doesn’t add up for the climate and Romania’s balance books.”
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